Published by: HARDIK VERMA

Special Student Columnist


Frost International Limited has been exchanging various products for quite a while, including minerals and metals, plastics, materials, textures, agro-articles, hardware, and others. Frost International Limited is known for its excellent quality, perfect execution, serious value, and consumer appeal, with the proximity in 25 nations across six mainlands. Joined in 1995, Frost International Limited is regarded by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, India as a star exchanging house for having reliably dispatched as specified in the arrangements and rules of the Government of India and the Federation of Indian Export Organizations.

The Central Investigation Bureau (CBI) has lodged a criminal case against Mumbai-based M / s Frost International, its two chiefs Uday Jayant Desai and Sujay Uday Desai, and 12 others over Bank of India (BOI), Kanpur's objection. The accused have been set up for cheating, criminal conspiracy, and forgery charges. The bank claimed that the advertisers/chiefs of the organization had worked in the appearance of an exchange of undertaking dealers without having any real exchanges and failed to fulfill its commitment to a consortium of 14 loaning banks led by Bank of India. The organization and its chiefs, underwriters, and obscure others planned and submitted falsification proofs, including substantial protections, used the archives produced as authentic, occupied, and redirected the assets of the bank and duplicated the credit banks to Rs 3592.48 crores.

As per a forensic audit authorized by the loaning banks, a progression of exchanges between parties known to each other had been uncovered in the organization's books. The report said that among such related gatherings-which are now either Frost International's clients or merchants-buy and deal exchanges worth around Rs 19,000 crore were seen. Truth be told, the review report further found that the blamed organization had given unstable advances and advances to non-business-related gatherings around Rs 416 Crore. Also, the review report found that exchanges worth more than Rs 8,000 between substances with regular administrative faculty have appeared.



Frost International Limited (FIL) and 14 others have been booked by the Central Investigation Bureau on January 20, 2020, for allegedly bamboozling a Bank of India-drove consortium of 3,592.48 crore and unpaid enthusiasm. Post brochures were handed out against the few people who were blamed. Among those named are the heads of the organization Uday Jayant Desai and his child Sujay, the little girl Sanjana and spouse Nilima, Sunil Lal Chand Verma, his other important Rita, and children Nipun and Saral, and Anoop Kumar Baldevraj Wadhera and his better half Poonam. Two days after the bureau enrolled an FIR against some unidentified bank officials, the company, and 13 men, the CBI groups completed quests. The ventures were led at 13 locations, including private-owned business premises, and at present and past chiefs' private premises, organization underwriters in Mumbai (three locations), Delhi (four locations), and Kanpur (six places).

It was revealed that the companies were indulging in round-tripping of funds by abusing the merchanting trade scheme.


The directors had worked in the guise of undertaking merchanting trade without genuine business. They had defaulted in making payments to the banks. The company and its directors, guarantors, and unidentified entities submitted forged documents, and diverted and siphoned off the bank's funds. There was a mismatch of cash flow resulting in a cash crunch which was not understandable by the bankers. The banks put the company for forensic audit which revealed that there was a potential diversion of funds by way of providing unsecured loans to group concerns. It showed that there was no actual export of goods, there was a mismatch in ship movement data compared with loading and discharge port which was underlined in 18 merchant trade transactions. The audit showed that purchase and sales transactions amounting to Rs 9,822 crore and Rs 9,889 crore respectively were among parties known to each other.

According to them, they controlled their budget reports to acquire the bank finances required for the equivalent and gave fictitious debit notes to numerous foreign entities, which were heavily influenced by them. The unfamiliar trade misfortunes caused to exchange receivables during the false merchanting exchange never really moved that way. They subsequently showed a strong asset report. According to the sources, the aggregate amount of book control as exchange receivables is around Rs 3,000 crore and Rs 3,500 crore due to the organizations' Rotomac gathering and Frost International separately. Besides, the sources indicated that the Rotomac Assembly of Organizations and Frost International have the absolute outstanding liability of Rs 4,000 crore and Rs 3,500 crore to 14 open part banks against which they have failed.

As indicated by the FIR, before the consortium of 14 banks was established in 2011, the company had expected some rupees 380.65 crores in praise from the Bank of India. Putting all things together, rupees 2061.95 crores in credit gained from it all. The Bank of India has the most notable launch of ubiquitous crore of rupees 756.75 Besides, FIL raised rupees 498,51 crores by Indian Overseas Bank credit. A problem in the advance records was seen from January 2018, when the letters of acknowledgment for the part banks started to degenerate, as fare continuations were not understood. Long before the records turned non-performing resources and a year ago, they were pronounced a misrepresentation.

A January 2019 scientific analysis study posed questions about reallocation of assets under the pretext of insecure credits to gather issues, including Mohan Steels, Commet Overseas, Viva Merchants, and Fisco Metals India. It was discovering occurrences of no real product fare. There was a misunderstanding in the information about boat development. With those stacked and ports released. A crisscross was also seen in 18 trader exchanges, outsiders received a lion's share of payments to deals, transactions worth rupees 4,374.17 crores, and deals worth rupees 4,411.48 crores were made between parties with the daily main administrative workforce. Also, buying and selling transactions of up to rupees 9,822.63 crores around rupees 9,889.09 crores were among the meetings reported to another.

The report noted that according to a Fareast Distribution and Logistics Pte Limited (FDLPL) credit report, the Hong Kong-based Fausta Limited company, associated with offering money-related types of assistance, held a 100 percent stake in FDLPL. Fausta Limited's location was equivalent to Gulf Distribution Limited's, demonstrating that both were interconnected. Between 2012-13 to 2017-18, FIL conducted transactions worth some rupees 31.398.58 crore between FDLPL and deals of some rupees 23.426.66 crore to Gulf Distribution Limited.

The government had asked the SFIO to probe into the affairs of 11 companies including Rotomac and Frost International. Kothari and the Desais had misused the merchanting trade scheme for the rotation of funds. Plus, they allegedly forged books of companies to attract banks and public financial institutions for obtaining credit facilities.


Rahul Kothari, former director of Rotomac Global and son of Rotomac promoter Vikram Kothari, was arrested by the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) for his alleged involvement in and manipulation of bank statements to obtain bank funds. It is alleged that when the lead bank kept in touch with 10 gatherings due to FIL's cash, it did not get any reaction. Both groups are alleged to have hidden foreign exchange losses from their fraudulent trading activity by issuing fake debit notes to foreign entities which they also controlled and showing trade receivables on their books to make their balance sheets appear healthy.

"They issued fictitious debit notes to many foreign entities under their control to fraudulently transfer to trade receivables those foreign exchange losses incurred during the fraudulent merchant trade," the note said. The Central Investigation Bureau (CBI) had lodged an additional FIR against Rotomac Exim for deceiving Allahabad Bank at Rs 36 Crore. A CBI officer said Allahabad Bank had on October 3, 2010, sanctioned Rs 42-crore loan to Rotomac, but the company failed to pay interest on the amount due. The financial misdeeds were detected when the CBI investigated the transactions the company had made. The banks already secured Lookout Circular on Jan. 18, 2019, against Uday Desai and 10 others. It has been preceded by another LOC against Desai and 13 others at Indian Overseas Bank's request.

The banks had already secured a circular look-out (LOC) on January 18, 2019, against Uday Desai and 10 others. On Indian Overseas Bank's (IOB) request it was preceded by another LOC against Desai and 13 others. Bank of India, a complaint that is now part of the FIR, has stated that since its inception in 1995, Frost International has been managed by Uday Desai, Sujay Desai, Sunil Verma, and Anup Kumar Baldevraj Wadhera and has been banking with the consortium since 1996, having businesses in various products, from agro commodities to billions. The company had suppliers and buyers across the globe from China to the United States with its promoters well involved in international trade. Bank of India said it had given it Rs 380,65 crore credit facility which was raised to Rs 4,061 crore with the formation of a 14-bank consortium in 2011In addition to credit facilities from 14 banks, IOB also extended out-of-consortium credit exposure of Rs 498.51 crore, the BoI complaint said, adding that the company had hypothecated stocks and provided properties as collateral for the credit facility.

[1] http://www.frostinternational.in/aboutus_jsf.html [2] https://www.deccanherald.com/national/cbi-registers-case-against-frost-international-for-rs-3592-crore-bank-fraud-796742.html [3] https://www.casemine.com/judgement/in/5a1e31b74a93261add936af3